Fluoxetine patient information

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Fluoxetine is a medication that is used to treat depression, panic attacks, obsessive-compulsive disorder, bulimia nervosa, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. It belongs to a class of medications called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).

What is Fluoxetine?

Fluoxetine is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) used to treat depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, bulimia nervosa, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder.

It works by increasing the levels of serotonin, a neurotransmitter in the brain that helps regulate mood, emotions, and behavior.

Fluoxetine is commonly known by the brand name Prozac and is often prescribed as a first-line treatment for various mental health conditions.

How does Fluoxetine work?

Fluoxetine works by increasing the levels of serotonin, a neurotransmitter in the brain. Serotonin is thought to play a key role in regulating mood, emotions, and behavior. By increasing serotonin levels, Fluoxetine helps to improve symptoms of depression, anxiety, and other mood disorders.

Indications for use

Fluoxetine is indicated for the treatment of major depressive disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, bulimia nervosa, panic disorder, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. It is also used in the treatment of binge-eating disorder in adults.

It is important to follow the prescribed dosage and frequency of administration as directed by the healthcare provider. Do not change the dosage or stop taking Fluoxetine without consulting a healthcare professional.

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Important information:

  • Do not take Fluoxetine if you are allergic to it or any of its components.
  • Avoid alcohol consumption while taking Fluoxetine as it may increase the risk of side effects.

Indications for use

Fluoxetine is commonly prescribed by healthcare providers to treat various mental health conditions, such as depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, and bulimia nervosa. It can also be used in combination with other medications to treat bipolar disorder. Additionally, Fluoxetine may be recommended for the treatment of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), a severe form of premenstrual syndrome.

Side Effects

Fluoxetine may cause certain side effects that may vary from mild to severe. It is important to be aware of the potential side effects before starting this medication. Some common side effects of fluoxetine include:

  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Insomnia
  • Dizziness

In some cases, fluoxetine may also lead to more serious side effects that require immediate medical attention. These may include:

  • Black or bloody stools
  • Severe headache
  • Confusion
  • Seizures

If you experience any of these severe side effects, it is crucial to seek medical help immediately. It is also important to inform your doctor of any side effects you may encounter while taking fluoxetine.

Side Effects

Fluoxetine may cause some side effects, though not everyone will experience them. Common side effects include:

  • Nausea: Feeling sick to your stomach is a common side effect of fluoxetine. It may help to take the medication with food.
  • Headache: Some people may experience headaches when taking fluoxetine. If this persists or becomes severe, consult your healthcare provider.
  • Insomnia: Trouble sleeping or changes in sleep patterns can occur with fluoxetine. Discuss any sleep disturbances with your doctor.
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Less Common Side Effects:

Less Common Side Effects:

In some cases, fluoxetine may cause less common side effects, such as:

  • Weight changes
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Increased sweating

If you experience any severe or persistent side effects while taking fluoxetine, contact your healthcare provider immediately.

Possible Side Effects

Possible Side Effects

1. Nausea and vomiting: Some patients may experience nausea and vomiting as a side effect of Fluoxetine. It is essential to monitor these symptoms and consult a healthcare provider if they persist.

2. Insomnia: Fluoxetine can sometimes cause sleep disturbances, leading to difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. If insomnia becomes a persistent issue, it is advisable to seek medical advice.

3. Headache: Headaches are a common side effect of Fluoxetine. If headaches become severe or frequent, a healthcare provider should be consulted.

4. Dizziness: Some patients may feel dizzy or lightheaded while taking Fluoxetine. It is important to be cautious when engaging in activities that require alertness, such as driving or operating machinery.

5. Sexual side effects: Fluoxetine may cause sexual side effects such as decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, or delayed ejaculation. Patients experiencing these issues should discuss them with their healthcare provider.

6. Weight changes: Weight fluctuations, including weight loss or weight gain, have been reported as potential side effects of Fluoxetine. Patients should monitor their weight and inform their healthcare provider of any significant changes.

7. Gastrointestinal issues: Some individuals may experience gastrointestinal problems like diarrhea, constipation, or abdominal pain while taking Fluoxetine. These symptoms should be discussed with a healthcare provider.

8. Suicidal thoughts or behavior: In some cases, Fluoxetine can lead to an increase in suicidal thoughts or behaviors, especially in younger individuals. It is crucial to seek immediate medical attention if such symptoms occur.

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When to seek medical help

If you experience any of the following symptoms while taking Fluoxetine, you should seek immediate medical attention:

  • Suicidal thoughts or behavior
  • Severe allergic reactions such as rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, or trouble breathing
  • Unusual changes in mood or behavior
  • Signs of serotonin syndrome such as hallucinations, fast heartbeat, severe dizziness, severe nausea/vomiting/diarrhea, twitching muscles, unexplained fever, unusual agitation/restlessness
  • Severe nervousness or panic attacks
  • Severe sleep problems
  • Signs of bleeding such as unusually heavy or prolonged bleeding, frequent nosebleeds, unusual vaginal bleeding, dark urine, black stools

It’s important to always consult your healthcare provider if you have any concerns or experience any unexpected side effects while taking Fluoxetine.